Livingstone Shire is located in Central Queensland, about 600 kilometres north of the Brisbane CBD, and about 40 kilometres north-east of the Rockhampton CBD. Livingstone Shire is bounded by the South Pacific Ocean in the north-east and east, the Rockhampton Regional Council area in the south, the Central Highlands Regional Council area in the south-west, and the Isaac Regional Council area in the north-west.
Livingstone is home to more than 37,000 residents. The major centres include the coastal towns of Yeppoon and Emu Park, with the smaller settlements of Byfield, Farnborough, Cawarral, Keppel Sands, Glenlee, Glendale, The Caves, Yaamba, Marlborough, Stanage Bay and Ogmore making up Livingstone.
Livingstone Shire includes significant rural and rural-residential areas and growing urban areas. The Shire encompasses a total land area of about 11,800 square kilometres, including national parks, state forests, coastline, islands and beaches. The main urban centre is Yeppoon, with a smaller urban centre at Emu Park.
Non-Indigenous people are recorded to have lived in what is now known as Livingstone from 1853. Livingstone was first established as a Local Government in 1879, and then amalgamated with three other councils to become Rockhampton Regional Council in 2008. After a deamalgamation process driven by community feedback, Livingstone Shire Council was re-established on 1 January 2014.